China - Facts Sheet

China - Facts Sheet

China - Facts Sheet (2014)

China Overview    Fact Sheet    National Anthem    China Travel FAQ


Formal name: People's Republic of China (PRC)

Capital: Beijing

Biggest city: Shanghai

Location: in the east of Asia and west of Pacific Ocean.

Area: 9,600,000 sq km.

Population: 1.3 billion.

Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Muslim, Christianity.

Ethnic groups: 56.

Languages: Standard Chinese (Mandarin), Cantonese, and other dialects.

Literacy Percent: 93.98% for the ages above 15.

Ruling Party: the Communist Party of China (CPC)

Head of State: Xi Jinping

Top legislative power: The National People's Congress (NPC) and its Standing Committee.

Top administrative body: The State Council.

GDP per capita: $9,100 (2012)

Currency: RMB (yuan)

National Flag: five-starred red flag

National emblem: Tiananmen Square under five stars.

National anthem: March of the Volunteers.

National Day: October 1, the date of the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Traditional holidays: Spring Festival (celebrated in January and mid-February and lasts 15 days) and International Labor Day (May 1), Middle Autumn Festival, etc.

National treasure: Giant Panda, which can be mainly found in Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding.

National Flower: Peony.

Military: The People's Liberation Army (PLA) includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Second Artillery Force.

Administrative division: 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities directly under the Central Government, and two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macao).

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