A Brief Introduction of China

China Overview    National Anthem    China Travel FAQ

Formal name: People's Republic of China (PRC)

Capital: Beijing

Biggest city: Shanghai

Shanghai City ViewShanghai City View

Location: in the east of Asia and west of Pacific Ocean.

Area: about 9,600,000 sq km.

Population: 1.425 billion. (2023)

Religion: Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Muslim, etc.

Monks in LhasaMonks in Lhasa

Ethnic groups: 56.

Languages: Standard Chinese (Mandarin), Cantonese, and other dialects.

Ruling Party: the Communist Party of China (CPC)

Head of State: Xi Jinping

Top legislative power: The National People's Congress (NPC) and its Standing Committee.

Top administrative body: The State Council.

GDP per capita: $12,450 (2023)

Currency: RMB (yuan)

National Flag: five-starred red flag

National emblem: Tiananmen Square under five stars.

National anthem: March of the Volunteers.

National Day: October 1, the date of the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Traditional holidays: Spring Festival (celebrated in January and mid-February and lasts 15 days) and International Labor Day (May 1), Middle Autumn Festival, etc.

National treasure: Giant Panda, which can be mainly found in the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding.

Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding CenterChengdu Giant Panda Breeding Center

National Flower: Peony.

Administrative division: 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities directly under the Central Government, and two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macao).

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