A Brief Introduction of China

China Overview    National Anthem    China Travel FAQ

Formal name: People's Republic of China (PRC)

Capital: Beijing

Biggest city: Shanghai

Shanghai City ViewShanghai City View

Location: in the east of Asia and west of Pacific Ocean.

Area: about 9,600,000 sq km.

Population: 1.425 billion. (2023)

Religion: Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Muslim, etc.

Monks in LhasaMonks in Lhasa

Ethnic groups: 56.

Languages: Standard Chinese (Mandarin), Cantonese, and other dialects.

Ruling Party: the Communist Party of China (CPC)

Head of State: Xi Jinping

Top legislative power: The National People's Congress (NPC) and its Standing Committee.

Top administrative body: The State Council.

GDP per capita: $12,450 (2023)

Currency: RMB (yuan)

National Flag: five-starred red flag

National emblem: Tiananmen Square under five stars.

National anthem: March of the Volunteers.

National Day: October 1, the date of the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Traditional holidays: Spring Festival (celebrated in January and mid-February and lasts 15 days) and International Labor Day (May 1), Middle Autumn Festival, etc.

National treasure: Giant Panda, which can be mainly found in the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding.

Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding CenterChengdu Giant Panda Breeding Center

National Flower: Peony.

Administrative division: 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities directly under the Central Government, and two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macao).

What Our Clients Say

"Great Customized Service", "Trip of A Lifetime", "Exceed All Expectations"
travel expert


1-to-1 Service | Reply within 24hrs | Expert's Advice


Subscribe to our newsletter for a chance to win a free 8-day Greece and Turkey tour! And more insider travel news, exclusive offers, and inspiration will be sent straight to your inbox.

We respect your privacy. You could unsubscribe at any time.