Similar to Christmas in the West, Chinese New Year (or Spring Festival) is the most important and looked forward to festival of the year. It is loved by both young and old and is the noisiest and most joyful festival of the year. Chinese New Year is 15 days long, with preparations beginning long in advance. Chinese New Year follows the lunar calendar and so every year the Chinese New Year falls on a different day (but usually on January or February in western calendar. In 2014, it will start from January 31). The festival is filled with traditions, many of which date back to prehistoric times. It is a time for family and friends and each year, no matter where they are living, each family member heads back to their hometown to celebrate with their family.
Traditionally the Chinese New Year begins ten days before New Year's Day by cleaning and decorating the house. New Year's Greetings in the forms of cards and letters are sent to friends and family living far away. The entire family would get together to clean their homes from top to bottom so that they could begin the year clean and fresh in the hopes that the next year would be healthy and happy. Chinese couplets wishing good luck in the New Year are pasted on either side of the doors and the Chinese Character Fu is placed throughout the house. Another popular tradition is pasting colorful New Year's prints throughout the house. This ancient art form featuring beautiful colors and auspicious designs have recently made a comeback and can be seen throughout China.
Chinese paper cuts are placed in the windows of homes. Flowers which have auspicious meanings are displayed throughout the house. Seven days before New Year, people often offer sacrifices to the Kitchen God.
New Year's Eve is the last evening of the old year. Almost every person returns to their hometown on the day. In the evening a huge family reunion dinner is held with a lot of food. Many of the dishes symbolize good luck and fortune for the upcoming year. At the stroke of midnight families light fireworks and they can be heard for hours.
Chinese New Year is looked forward by every person in China. It is a time of family, of celebration, and of fun. Children through the elderly take part in the festival and revel in the part they get to play. It is wonderful time of the year, which is filled with ancient traditions which are an integral part of the festival.If crowdedness isn’t a problem to you, consider a Chinese New Year tour. The period offers some unique, cultural experience. Apart from the above customs, various official and cultural activities are held to celebrate Chinese New Year, such as temple fairs, lion dances, Yangkos, etc.
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