Chinese shadow puppet was originated in Xian. Shadow puppets are jointed puppets made of thin donkey, or cow hide. They are famous throughout China and versions of it can be found in many parts of the country.
Shadow puppets were invented more than 2,000 years ago in the capital Changan (the historic name of Xian) during the ruling of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. Chinese legends tell that the first shadow puppet was made to cheer up the Emperor as he was deeply saddened by the death of his favorite concubine, and lost interest in his kingdom. A minister was inspired by the shadows cast by dolls as children played, and put up a play of vivid shadow images created by puppets cut by donkey skin. The Emperor was cheered up, and the shadow puppetry soon became very popular in the Changan city (Xian).
Since the Tang Dynasties (618 BC – 907 BC), Shadow puppetry became a sophisticated art in China, and wins the heart of people of all social statues by its lingering music, exquisite sculpture, brisk color, and lively performance.
During a shadow puppet play, the puppets are controlled with thin sticks similar to chopsticks. They are moved behind a screen with a light behind them. The shadows of the puppets are shown on the screen and can be seen by the audience. A puppet play often shows about Chinese legends, battles, and mythological creatures. A small band of musicians is accompanied during the play.
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