Huangshan City, home to one of the UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage Sites, Huangshan Mountain, is a mountainous area that features wonderful scenery and distinctive local culture. The local residents are especially careful about their life and the atmosphere surrounding their life.
Huangshan is famous for its tea production and tea ceremony. It is the hometown of Huangshan Maofeng Tea, Keemun Black Tea is known as one of the best three high aroma teas in the world and the queen of fragrance, and Taiping Monkey Tea. For Huangshan City's residents, drinking tea has become an integral part of their daily lives. Huangshan City's tea culture includes morning, afternoon, and evening tea. A popular saying amongst locals is "one could live without food, but not morning tea". Local residents regard drinking tea in the morning as a staple part of their breakfast. Different from the strong flavor of afternoon tea, which is considered to be good for promoting digestion, and evening tea, which is good for relieving the fatigue of the whole day, morning tea is usually light, with a fragrant aroma. On winter evenings, drinking tea is a great necessity for Huangshan locals as they drink tea while warming themselves in front of a fire with friends and family. Huangshan residents feel that drinking tea helps a calming effect and promotes artistic imagination. It is possible that there is something to this belief because the best tools used in traditional Chinese paintings are produced in Huangshan.
Besides tea, there are many other cultural aspects unique to Huangshan. On the eighth day of the Twelfth Lunar Month, villagers boil eggs and smash them on the threshold as a sacrifice to the door god. They also eat Laba Tofu (a mildewed Tofu that is specially made only in villages in Huangshan) and wish to eat up all misfortune. They also believe this day is ideal for weddings, so many weddings are performed on this special day. On the first day of the Lunar New Year, the boys and young men in the villages are called together to form a long line, to perform the ceremony of "Calling in the Year" to pay a new year call door to door. This ceremony is also unique to the Huangshan Mountain area. These customs and more have been performed in Huangshan villages for centuries. Traces of their ancient past can still be found in their daily life, funerals, weddings, baby birth celebrations, festivities, temple fairs, and recreations.
Huangshan is not only well known for its sites, but for being the land of the four treasures of the study. The four treasures of the study include the paintbrush, ink stick, ink stone, and paper used in traditional Chinese paintings. Huangshan has been famous for centuries for producing the best in the country. Many small workshops can be seen creating these articles by hand.
The people living in the area in and around Huangshan Mountain are very particular about their cuisine as well. One of China's main eight styles of cuisine, Hui Cuisine comes from this area. With more than 200 dishes, Hui Cuisine is known for its special delicacies from both land and water. Local people like to eat their meals while enjoying the local Hui or Huangmei Opera, or while sitting in a local teahouse.
Most importantly, Huangshan locals work hard to maintain an easy-going lifestyle. They take the time to stop and enjoy each day and it shows in their friendliness and attention to detail in all aspects of their lives.
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